- 1 Is the Pantheon a Tholos?
- 2 What is the most famous Greek Tholos?
- 3 How was the tholos built?
- 4 What is a Greek archon?
- 5 What is the difference between Parthenon and Pantheon?
- 6 Who is buried in the Pantheon?
- 7 What was a priestess called when Apollo spoke through her?
- 8 What caused the Greek Dark Ages?
- 9 What is a dromos?
- 10 How were tholos tombs built?
- 11 What are Vaphio cups?
- 12 What was found in grave circle A?
- 13 Who are the 9 archons?
- 14 Who was the first archon of Greece?
- 15 What are Greek kings called?
Is the Pantheon a Tholos?
The dome of the Pantheon stacks in ribs like the Tholos to form a drum, but then a proper concrete dome like that of the common circular temple completes the dome. It is a synthesis of construction techniques.
What is the most famous Greek Tholos?
What is the most famous Greek Tholos? In Greece, the Tholos is a round temple of Greek ‘peripteral’ design completely encircled by a colonnade. A famous Tholos can be seen in Delphi, the Tholos of Delphi. It has been dated to 370-360 BCE.
How was the tholos built?
The tholos was built out of ashlar blocks using a technique known as corbelling to create the dome (see page title illustration). This involved laying the stones so that each horizontal course slightly overlapped the one below it until the distance was small enough so that a single slab could be used to close the gap.
What is a Greek archon?
Archon, Greek Archōn, in ancient Greece, the chief magistrate or magistrates in many city-states. The office became prominent in the Archaic period, when the kings (basileis) were being superseded by aristocrats.
What is the difference between Parthenon and Pantheon?
While both were built to honor gods, the Parthenon was built to honor Athena and the Pantheon was built to honor all of the Greek gods. The Parthenon in Athens, Greece, was built between 447 and 432 B.C.E. during the aftermath of the Persian Wars to highlight the victory of the Greeks over the Persians.
Who is buried in the Pantheon?
Among those buried in its necropolis are Voltaire, Rousseau, Victor Hugo, Émile Zola, Jean Moulin, Louis Braille, Jean Jaurès and Soufflot, its architect. In 1907 Marcellin Berthelot was buried with his wife Mme Sophie Berthelot. Marie Curie was interred in 1995, the first woman interred on merit.
What was a priestess called when Apollo spoke through her?
The Pythia (/ˈpɪθiə/; Ancient Greek: Πυθία [pyːˈtʰi.aː]) was the name of the high priestess of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi who also served as its oracle, also known as the Oracle of Delphi.
What caused the Greek Dark Ages?
Many explanations attribute the fall of the Mycenaean civilization and the Bronze Age collapse to climatic or environmental catastrophe, combined with an invasion by Dorians or by the Sea Peoples, but no single explanation fits the available archaeological evidence.
What is a dromos?
: the passage to an ancient Egyptian or Mycenaean subterranean tomb.
How were tholos tombs built?
The tholos tomb is a round, beehive shaped structure famously built by the late Bronze Age Mycenean peoples. A rounded cut was made into a hillside, within which huge ashlar masonry would be employed to create a conical structure, with a wide entryway leading to it, known as a dromos.
What are Vaphio cups?
A type of Mycenaean drinking vessel, named after the find of two gold examples in a tholos burial at Vapheio, near Sparta, southern Greece. A Vapheio cup has a flat base, straight flaring sides, and a single handle. The original gold examples were decorated in relief with scenes of bulls.
What was found in grave circle A?
Among the objects he unearthed in Grave Circle A was a series of gold death masks, including one he proclaimed “The Death Mask of Agamemnon.” Schliemann cleared five shafts and recognized them as the graves mentioned by Pausanias.
Who are the 9 archons?
The nine archons included the “eponymous archon”, the archon basileus, the polemarch and the six thesmothetai. At the beginning of the 5thcentury only those from the two wealthiest classes, that is the pentakossiomedimnoi and the hippeis were eligible for office.
Who was the first archon of Greece?
Creon is considered by the ancient sources, and most modern authorities, as the first annual archon. Mentioned in the Parian Marble. Pausanias (IV. 15.1) dates the beginning of the Second Messenian War to his archonship.
What are Greek kings called?
By 800 B.C.E., most of the Greek city-states were no longer ruled by kings. In an oligarchy government, the power to make decisions is in the hands of two to three rich men, usually called oligarchs or kings. The word oligarchy comes from the Greek root words oligos (which means “few”) and arkhein (which means “rule”).